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Road Traffic Congestion and Public Information: An Experimental Investigation

Anthony Ziegelmeyer, Frederic Koessler, Kene Boun My () and Laurent Denant-Boèmont ()

No 2007-05, THEMA Working Papers from THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise

Abstract: This paper reports two laboratory studies designed to study the impact of public information about past departure rates on congestion levels and travel costs. Our experimental design is based on a discrete version of Arnott, de Palma, and Lindsey’s (1990) bottleneck model where subjects have to choose their departure time in order to reach a common destination. Experimental treatments in our first study differ in terms of the level of public information on past departure rates and the relative cost of delay. In all treatments, congestion occurs and the observed travel costs are quite similar to the predicted ones. In other words, subjects’ capacity to coordinate does not seem to be affected by the availability of public information on past departure rates or by the relative cost of delay. This seemingly absence of treatment effects is confirmed by our finding that a parameter-free reinforcement learning model best characterizes individual behavior. The number of experimental subjects taking the role of drivers is four times larger in our second study than in our first study. We observe that coordination failures in our congestion situation do not become more severe when the number of drivers increases.

Keywords: Travel behavior; Congestion; Information in intelligent transportation systems; Laboratory experiments. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C91 C92 D83 R40 R41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo and nep-ure
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

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http://thema.u-cergy.fr/IMG/documents/2007-05.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Road Traffic Congestion and Public Information: An Experimental Investigation (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Road traffic congestion and public information: an experimental investigation (2008)
Working Paper: Road Traffic Congestion and Public Information: An Experimental Investigation (2006) Downloads
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