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"Sex in Marriage is a Divine Gift": For whom ? Evidence from the Manila contraceptive ban

Christelle Dumas () and Arnaud Lefranc ()

No 2013-22, THEMA Working Papers from THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise

Abstract: We analyze the tradeoff between child quantity and quality in de- veloping countries by estimating the effect of family size on child's ed- ucation in urban Philippines. To isolate exogenous changes in family size, we exploit a policy shock: in the late 1990s, the mayor of Manila enacted a municipal ban on modern contraceptives. Since other com- parable cities in the Manila metropolitan area were not affected by the ban, this allows us to implement a difference-in-difference estimation of the effect of family size. We also exploit the fact that older moth- ers were less likely to become pregnant during the ban. Our results indicate that the contraceptive ban led to a significant increase in fam- ily size. They also provide evidence of a quality-quantity tradeoff : increased family size led to a sizable decrease in school performance.

Keywords: Fertility; family size; human capital investment; quantity-quality tradeoff; Philippines. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J18 J24 O10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Related works:
Working Paper: "Sex in marriage is a divine gift": For whom ? Evidence from the Manila contraceptive ban (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: "Sex in Marriage is a Divine Gift": For Whom? Evidence from the Manila Contraceptive Ban (2013) Downloads
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