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Sitting on the fence: Pork-barrels and democratization under threat of conflict. The case of Ghana, 1996 - 2004

Pierre André () and Sandrine Mesplé-Somps ()

No 2013-24, THEMA Working Papers from THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise

Abstract: This paper studies political competition in the case of a democratization process. We present an illustrative model describing political competition when the opposition threatens the stability of the country. In some cases, our model predicts the government should invest in opposition districts to avoid political agitation. This contrasts with existing literature on established democracies, where public funds usually target ruling party supporters or electorally tight districts. We empirically observe the first democratic changeover in Ghana in 2000. Implementing a diff-in-diff strategy, we find that districts with a leading political party member appear to receive slightly more public funds when their party is not in charge. This phenomenon is found in urban areas and in areas that vote the most for this leading member’s party. Hence it occurs in places with the potential for political agitation.

Keywords: Public goods; Elections; Politics; Ghana. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 O55 R53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-cdm and nep-pol
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Working Paper: Sitting on the fence: Pork - barrels and democratization under threat of conflict. The case of Ghana, 1996 - 2004 (2017) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ema:worpap:2013-24

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