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Atypical Employment and Prospects of the Youth on the Labor Market in a Crisis Context

Hélène Couprie () and Xavier Joutard ()
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Xavier Joutard: Université de Cergy-Pontoise, THEMA

No 2017-08, THEMA Working Papers from THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise

Abstract: We compare the entrance trajectories of two cohorts of young people into the labor market seven years after leaving the French educational system. We focus our analysis on the employment consequences of atypical employment spells, i.e. part time and temporary work contracts using a Markovian model of labor market transitions with fixed effects. We estimate the stepping-stone effect of atypical employment towards the employment norm of full-time open-ended contract on four gender-education segments of the population. We then disentangle the trend from the Great Recession effect using a dif-in-dif approach. This brings new insights about the redistributive impact of an economic crisis accross gender. Unintended positive effects of the crisis on the trajectory of men transiting through temporary employment spells (external flexibility leverage) is brought to light. Women’s chances to reach the employment norm through transitory spells of part-time work (internal flexibility leverage) appear to be affected negatively by the crisis.

Keywords: school-to-work transition; crisis; gender; stepping-stone (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 J62 J64 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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