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Managing the Impact of Climate on Migration: Evidence from Mexico

Isabelle Chort () and Maëlys de la Rupelle ()
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Maëlys de la Rupelle: Université de Cergy-Pontoise, THEMA

No 2021-07, THEMA Working Papers from THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise

Abstract: While there is a growing literature on the impact of climate and weather-related events on migration, little is known about the mitigating effect of different policies directed to the agricultural sector, or aimed at insuring against environmental disasters. This paper uses state-level data on migration ows between Mexico and the U.S. from 1999 to 2012 to investigate the migration response to weather shocks and the mitigating impact of an agricultural cash-transfer program (PROCAMPO) and a disaster fund (Fonden). We find that Fonden decreases migration in response to heavy rainfall, hurricanes and droughts. Increases in PROCAMPO amounts paid to small producers are found to play an additional, though more limited, role in limiting the migration response to shocks. Changes in the distribution of PROCAMPO favoring more vulnerable producers in the non irrigated ejido sector also seem to mitigate the impact of droughts on migration.

Keywords: International migration; Weather shocks; Public policies; Weather variability; Natural disasters; Mexico-U.S. migration; Inequality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J61 Q18 Q54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-dev and nep-env
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http://thema.u-cergy.fr/IMG/pdf/2021-07.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Managing the Impact of Climate on Migration: Evidence from Mexico (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Managing the Impact of Climate on Migration: Evidence from Mexico (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Managing the Impact of Climate on Migration: Evidence from Mexico (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Managing the Impact of Climate on Migration: Evidence from Mexico (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Managing the impact of climate on migration: Evidence from Mexico (2018)
Working Paper: Managing the impact of climate on migration: Evidence from Mexico (2018)
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