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Estimated Non-linearities & Multiple Equilibria in a Model of Distributive-Demand Cycles

Daniele Tavani, Peter Flaschel and Lance Taylor
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Lance Taylor: Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis (SCEPA), http://www.economicpolicyresearch.org

No 2010-6, SCEPA working paper series. SCEPA's main areas of research are macroeconomic policy, inequality and poverty, and globalization. from Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis (SCEPA), The New School

Abstract: We introduce the results of a non-parametric estimate of the US wage Phillips Curve into a simplified version of the model of the wage-price spiral by Flaschel and Krolzig (2008). Making use of Okun’s law, the non-linearity in the wage inflation-employment relation translates into a non-linearity in the so-called distributive curve of the economy. We then provide a dynamical analysis both in wage-led and profit-led effective demand regimes. In a profit led scenario, shown to be the empirically relevant case for the US economy, there are 2 stable equilibria of Goodwin (1967) growth cycle type, identified as a stable depression and a stable boom, and a saddle-path stable equilibrium in between them. Both stable steady states are surrounded by trajectories that cycle counter clockwise around their basins of attraction. The obtained type of growth fluctuations can be verified by a long phase cycle estimation for the US economy using a method developed by Kauermann, Teuber and Flaschel (2008).

Keywords: profit-led demand; profit squeeze; long phase cycles; multiple steady states; booms; depressions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 E31 E32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-06
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