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Special Economic Zones and Economic Corridors

Masami Ishida

No d019, Working Papers from Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA)

Abstract: Various reports show that special economic zones (SEZ) have become a prime catalyst for regional development in developing countries such as China and the ASEAN countries. The SEZ can be defined as a specific geographical region with economic laws that are more liberal than a country's typical economic laws. Many SEZs have characteristics of bonded zones, export processing zone (EPZ) or free trade zones and provide special incentives, including tax exemption or reduction to investors. The purpose of the paper is to enumerate the candidates for SEZ in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam (CLMV countries) according to four types: "metropolitan areas," "ports and harbors," "border areas" and "junctions or intersections." The first two types are based on the experience of forerunning ASEAN countries and the latter two are based on the economic corridors of the Greater Mekong Sub region Economic Cooperation Program. The paper concludes by identifying locations for the questionnaire and flowchart approach-based surveys, and presenting country-specific strategies.

Keywords: ASEAN; SEZ; Port; Harbor; Junction; Economic Corridor; CLMV; GMS. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L6 L91 N75 O18 O53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009
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