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Neutralising the Advantages of State-Owned Enterprises for a Fair Playing Field

Anh Tuan Nguyen
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Anh Tuan Nguyen: LNT & Partners, Viet Nam

No DP-2015-79, Working Papers from Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA)

Abstract: Despite Vietnamese competition authorities’ attempts to control state monopolies in domestic markets during the last 10 year of establishment, this appears to be the key challenge of Vietnamese competition regime. In the process of transitioning from a centrally planned economy to a market economy, the State-owned enterprises (SOEs) sector is perceived as a means to ensure the socialist orientation of the economy as well as preserve national economic goals. For these purposes, SOEs have been offered several advantages ranging from tangible incentives to latent conveniences over the privately owned enterprises. In this context, competition laws and policies should be able to neutralise the advantages of SOEs to level the playing field or else it would be used a shield to protect SOEs from their private rivals. This paper looks into the issues with the SOE sector in the context of Viet Nam’s political economy and identifies the factors inhibiting the country’s effort to control State monopolies in the last 10 years of competition law enforcement. It provides commentaries on the implementation of competition laws and policies in Viet Nam from the perspective of economic integration, particularly the on-going negotiation Trans-Pacific Partnership.

Keywords: antitrust; competition law; competition policy; competitive neutrality; developing countries; public enterprises; political economy; industrial policy; SOEs; State monopoly; TPP; Viet Nam. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: K21 L12 L32 L44 L52 L93 L96 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 40 pages.
Date: 2015-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-com, nep-sea and nep-tra
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