EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Why is Fertility on the Rise in Egypt? The Role of Women’s Employment Opportunities

Caroline Krafft

No 1050, Working Papers from Economic Research Forum

Abstract: Can declining employment opportunities for women reverse the fertility transition? This paper presents new evidence that the demographic transition has not just stalled, but in fact reversed in Egypt. After falling for decades, fertility rates are increasing. The drivers of rising fertility rates are examined, with a particular focus on the role of declining public sector employment opportunities for women. By using unique data with detailed fertility and employment histories, the effects of public sector employment opportunities on women’s fertility are estimated. Estimates are calculated by examining the effect of public sector employment on the spacing and occurrence of births using discrete-time hazard models, the results of which are then used to simulate total fertility rates. The potential endogeneity of employment is addressed by incorporating woman-specific fixed effects, incorporating local employment opportunities rather than women’s own employment, and using local employment opportunities as an instrument. Results indicate that the decrease in public sector employment, which is particularly appealing to women, has contributed to the rise in fertility.

New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara
Date: 2016-01-09, Revised 2016-01-09
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Downloads: (external link)
http://erf.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/1050.pdf (application/pdf)
http://bit.ly/2dgRpGf

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:erg:wpaper:1050

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Economic Research Forum Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sherine Ghoneim ().

 
Page updated 2019-10-16
Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:1050