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Is It Getting Too Hot to Work in the MENA Region?

Hala Abou-Ali, Ronia Hawash, Rahma Ali and Yasmine Abdelfattah ()
Additional contact information
Ronia Hawash: Butler University
Rahma Ali: New York University

No 1515, Working Papers from Economic Research Forum

Abstract: Climate change and its expected consequences have been a growing global concern. This study aims to examine the impact of changes in climate indicators on labor supply in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. We use different datasets, including the Integrated Labor Market Panel Surveys of Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia spanning the period 2006-2018 matched with a globally gridded climate dataset to test the impact of changes in temperature, humidity, and precipitation on weekly labor working hours. We differentiate between “high-risk” groups engaged in economic activities with higher exposure to climate and “low-risk” groups with relatively less exposure to climate. Our results indicate that changes in temperature and humidity have a significant impact on labor working hours, whereas precipitation had no significant effect; yet, the marginal impact of changes in temperature and humidity differs between high-risk and low-risk groups. The results show that working hours are impeded by heat and humidity after a specific threshold.

Pages: 26
Date: 2021-12-20, Revised 2021-12-20
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Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)

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