EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The effect of income-based policies on mortality inequalities in Scotland: a modelling study

Elizabeth Richardson, Lynda Fenton, Jane Parkinson, Andrew Pulford, Martin Taulbut, Gerry McCartney and Mark Robinson

No EM3/20, EUROMOD Working Papers from EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research

Abstract: The unequal distribution of income is a fundamental determinant of health inequalities. Decision making around economic policies could be enhanced by showing their potential health effects. We used scenario modelling to assess the effects of 12 income-based policies on Years of Life Lost (YLL) and inequalities in YLL in Scotland. EUROMOD, a tax-benefit microsimulation model, was used to estimate the effects of hypothetical fiscal policies on income for Scottish households (n=2871; 2014/15 Family Resources Survey). Income change was estimated for each quintile of the 2016 Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. ‘Triple I’, a health inequalities scenario modelling tool, was used to estimate policy effects on YLL and government spending after 5 years. The best policy for improving health and narrowing health inequalities was a 50% increase to means-tested benefits rates (approximately 105,177 or 4·7% YLL fewer than the baseline scenario, and a 7·9% reduction in relative index of inequality (RII)). Citizen’s Basic Income (CBI) schemes also substantially narrowed inequalities (3·7% RII for basic scheme, 5·9% for CBI with additional payments for disabled individuals), and modestly reduced YLL (0·7% and 1·4%, respectively). The most effective policies for reducing health inequalities appeared to be those that disproportionately increased incomes in the most deprived areas.

Date: 2020-03-30
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Published

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/research/publications ... s/euromod/em3-20.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ese:emodwp:em3-20

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in EUROMOD Working Papers from EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Jonathan Nears ().

 
Page updated 2021-08-04
Handle: RePEc:ese:emodwp:em3-20