EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Gibrat's Law and Market Selection

Francesca Lotti (), Marco Vivarelli () and Enrico Santarelli ()

Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy from Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group

Abstract: According to Gibrat' Law of Proportionate Effect, the growth rate of a given firm is independent of its size at the beginning of the period examined. In contrast to the previous literature on the subject, this paper seeks to test the Law by taking account of both the entry process and the role of survival/failure in reshaping a given population of firms over time. It does so by focusing on the entire population of firms (including newborn ones) in the Italian Radio, TV & Telecommunications equipment industry and tracking them over seven years. Consistently with the previous literature, it finds that - in general - Gibrat' Law is to be rejected, since smaller firms tend to grow faster than their larger counterparts. However, the paper' main finding is that this rejection of Gibrat’ Law may be due to market dynamics and selection. In other words, it is due to the entry process and the presence of transient smaler firms. Indeed, whilst it is found that Gibrat' Law has to be rejected over a seven-year period during which both incumbent and newborn firms are considered, for both sub-populations of surviving firms a convergence towards Gibrat-like behavior over time can be detected. Thus, market selection "leans" the original population of firms and the resulting industrial "ore" (mature, larger, well-established and most efficient firms) does not seem to depart from a Gibrat-like patern of growth.

Keywords: Gibrat' Law; manufacturing; industrial dynamics; entry; survival; selection bias (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L11 L60 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 18 pages
Date: 2004-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ent
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
ftp://papers.econ.mpg.de/egp/discussionpapers/2004-28.pdf (application/pdf)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 500 Failed to connect to FTP server papers.econ.mpg.de: No such host is known.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:esi:egpdis:2004-28

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.econ.mpg. ... arch/EGP/discuss.php

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy from Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Kerstin Schück ( this e-mail address is bad, please contact ).

 
Page updated 2023-05-27
Handle: RePEc:esi:egpdis:2004-28