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Group Inequality in Democracies: Lessons from Cross-National Experiences

Rohini Somanathan ()

Working Papers from eSocialSciences

Abstract: Group inequality is a prominent feature of many modern democracies. The purpose of this paper is to take stock of what we know about the ways in which major democracies have viewed social groups and addressed inequalities between them. Countries classify individuals into groups based on race, color, birthplace, language and occupation. These markers have been used in different combinations across space and time. The first part of this survey summarizes these differences and examines their implications. I then discuss significant contributions to the theoretical and empirical literature on the persistence of group inequality. I end with policy implications and important gaps in research that can form the basis for future enquiry

Keywords: Group inequality; Inter-generational mobility; race and gender; color discrimination (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-09
Note: Institutional Papers
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