Maternal Education, Parental Investment and Non-Cognitive Characteristics in Rural China
Jessica Leight and
Elaine M. Liu
Working Papers from eSocialSciences
This paper evaluates the parental response to non-cognitive variation across siblings in rural Gansu province, China, employing a household fixed effects specification; the non-cognitive measures of interest are defined as the inverse of both externalizing challenges (behavioral problems and aggression) and internalizing challenges (anxiety and withdrawal). The results suggest that there is significant heterogeneity with respect to maternal education. More educated mothers appear to compensate for differences between their children, investing more in a child who exhibits greater non-cognitive deficits, while less educated mothers reinforce these differences. Most importantly, there is evidence that these compensatory investments are associated with the narrowing of non-cognitive deficits over time for children of more educated mothers, while there is no comparable pattern in households with less educated mothers.
Keywords: eSS; non-cognitive characteristics; parental investment; intrahousehold allocation; employment; behavioral problems; aggression; anxiety; withdrawal; maternal education; non-cognitive deficits; less educated mothers; compensatory investments; China. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Note: Institutional Papers
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://www.esocialsciences.org/Download/repecDownl ... AId=12841&fref=repec
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:12841
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from eSocialSciences
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Padma Prakash ().