Womenâ€™s Land Title Ownership and Empowerment: Evidence from India
Harold Glenn A. Valera,
Prakashan Chellattan Veettil,
Phoeba Ricarte and
Rohini Ram Mohan
Working Papers from eSocialSciences
This paper examines how womenâ€™s participation in family decision-making is affected by land rights in rural areas in India. The 2005 Hindu Succession Act was legislated to protect womenâ€™s rights to an equal share in ancestral property, including land. Using a unique rural household survey from Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, and West Bengal where female enumerators were employed to interview female participants, we find that only 3% of the 8,000 rural households randomly selected in those four states have their land registered under womenâ€™s names. Controlling for the potential endogeneity of land title ownership, it finds that womenâ€™s land title ownership has positive effects on their participation in decisions about farming, livelihood, and household activities. Using state leveldisaggregated data, however, we find that the signs and magnitudes of the impacts differ across the four states whose social and economic norms are diverse.
Keywords: eSS; women's rights; land title; ownership; empowerment; rural areas; Hindu Succession Act; ancestral property; female participation; womenâ€™s land title ownership; farming; livelihood; household activities; social norms; economic norms. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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