Governing the Commons? Water and Power in Pakistanâ€™s Indus Basin
Hanan Jacoby and
Working Papers from eSocialSciences
Surface irrigation is a common pool resource characterized by asymmetric appropriation opportunities across upstream and downstream water users. Large canal systems are also predominantly state-managed. It studies the water allocation under an rairrigation bureauccy subject to corruption and rent-seeking. Data on the landholdings and political influence of nearly a quarter-million irrigators in Pakistanâ€™s vast Indus Basin watershed allow us to construct a novel index of lobbying power. Consistent with our model of misgovernance, the decline in water availability and land values from channel head to tail is accentuated along canals having greater lobbying power at the head than at the tail.
Keywords: eSS; Bureaucracy; rent-seeking; corruption; common property resource; irrigation; canal system; irrigation bureaucracy; corruption; landholding; political influence; novel index; lobbying power; +water; land value; Pakistan. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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