Optimal Regulation of P2P Lending for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
Bihong Huang and
Working Papers from eSocialSciences
This paper describes and evaluates the range of P2P lending systems on offer to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in several countries, considering different regulatory regimes. In some countries, there are problematic incentives for platforms that rate credit and originate loans without holding the risk of these loans. In addition, when investor returns are guaranteed by platforms, investors have no incentive to distinguish among risk categories. In several countries, notably the Peopleâ€™s Republic of China, P2P platforms have engaged in fraudulent behavior and Ponzi-like schemes. On the other hand, stringent regulation in the United States has excessively impeded new entrants from providing competition to established platforms. Regulators should be mindful of these risks and others, while also seeking to capitalize on the benefits that the sector offers for providing new funding opportunities to SMEs. In our view, the United Kingdom can be suggested as an effective model to follow because of its tailor made and flexible regulation.
Keywords: eSS; fintech; P2P lending; regulation; P2P lending system; small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs); incentives; loans; credit; investors; Peopleâ€™s Republic of China; P2P platform; Ponzi-like schemes; global trend. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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