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Determination of Inflation in an Open Economy Phillips Curve Framework: The Case of Developed and Developing Asian Countries

Pami Dua () and Gaur Upasna

Working Papers from eSocialSciences

Abstract: This paper investigates the determination of inflation in the framework of an open economy forward-looking as well as conventional backward-looking Phillips curve for eight Asian countries- Japan, Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore, Philippines, Thailand, China Mainland and India. Using Quarterly data and applying the instrumental variables estimation technique, it is found that the output gap is significant in explaining the inflation rate in almost all the countries. Furthermore, at least one measure of international competitiveness has a statistically significant influence on inflation in all the countries. The differences in the developed and developing world are highlighted by the significance of agriculture related supply shocks in determining inflation in the case of developing countries. For all countries, the forward-looking Phillips curve provides a better fit compared to the backward looking variant.[WP 178]

Keywords: Inflation; Open Economy; Phillips Curve; Asian economies; inflation rate; supply shocks; monetary variables; demand factors; domestic factors; external factors; supply factors; devloping countries; developed countriesi (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-cwa, nep-mac, nep-mon, nep-opm and nep-sea
Date: 2009-05
Note: Institutional Papers
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Journal Article: Determination of inflation in an open economy Phillips curve framework: the case of developed and developing Asian countries (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: Determination of Inflation in an Open Economy Phillips Curve Framework-- The Case of Developed and Developing Asian Countries (2009) Downloads
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