A Belgian flat income tax: effects on labour supply and income distribution
André Decoster (),
Kris De Swerdt and
Kristian Orsini ()
Working Papers of Department of Economics, Leuven from KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB), Department of Economics, Leuven
The adverse distributional effects of a flat tax are well known and have been documented by empirical research in several countries, including Belgium. Advocates of the flat tax argue, correctly, that these studies do not take into account agents’ behavioural reactions and possible feed back effects. One of the important effects in this context is the potential increase in labour supply and the resulting increase in the taxable base and decrease in unemployment allowances. In this study we calculate the cost recovery based on a micro-simulation model that includes a labour supply model. We find that there is indeed a clearly positive effect on labour supply and hence also on the tax base. By introducing a revenue-neutral flat tax, labour supply increases by approximately 47,000 full-time equivalents. However, the effect is limited because, compared to a static scenario the cost recovery only allows the revenue-neutral flat tax to decrease from 38.5% to 37%. Furthermore, there is little or no impact of these employment effects on the strongly regressive nature of a flat tax reform.
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cmp, nep-eec, nep-lab and nep-pub
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Journal Article: A Belgian Flat Income Tax. Effects on Labour Supply and Income Distribution (2010)
Journal Article: A Belgian Flat Income Tax: Effects on Labour Supply and Income Distribution (2010)
Working Paper: A Belgian flat income tax: effects on labour supply and income distribution (2008)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ete:ceswps:ces0820
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers of Department of Economics, Leuven from KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB), Department of Economics, Leuven
Bibliographic data for series maintained by library EBIB ().