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Contingent trade policy and economic efficiency

Phillip McCalman, Frank Stähler () and Gerald Willmann ()

Working Papers of Department of Economics, Leuven from KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB), Department of Economics, Leuven

Abstract: This paper develops an efficiency theory of contingent trade policies. We model the competition for a domestic market between one domestic and one foreign firm as a pricing game under incomplete information about production costs. The cost distributions are asymmetric because the foreign firm has to pay a trade cost. We show that the foreign firm prices more aggressively to overcome its cost disadvantage. The resulting possibility of an inefficient allocation justifies the use of contingent trade policy on efficiency grounds. Contingent trade policy that seeks to maximize global welfare can avoid the potential inefficiency. National governments, on the other hand, make excessive use of contingent trade policy due to rent shifting motives. The expected inefficiency of national policy is larger (smaller) for low (high) trade costs compared to the laissez-faire case. In general, there is no clear ranking between the laissez-faire outcome and a contingent national trade policy.

Date: 2011-04
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Related works:
Journal Article: Contingent trade policy and economic efficiency (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Contingent trade policy and economic efficiency (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Contingent Trade Policy and Economic Efficiency (2011) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ete:ceswps:ces11.05

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