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Moments and distribution of the NPV of a project

Stefan Creemers ()

No 552744, Working Papers of Department of Decision Sciences and Information Management, Leuven from KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB), Department of Decision Sciences and Information Management, Leuven

Abstract: We study the Net Present Value (NPV) of a project with multiple stages that are executed in sequence. A cash flow (positive or negative) may be incurred at the start of each stage, and a payoff is obtained at the end of the project. The duration of a stage is a random variable with a general distribution function. For such projects, we obtain exact, closed-form expressions for the moments of the NPV, and develop a highly accurate closed-form approximation of the NPV distribution itself. In addition, we show two limit theorems that also apply in a more general context (i.e., that also apply for projects where stages are not necessarily executed in sequence). Our work has direct applications in the fields of project selection, project portfolio management, and project valuation. In addition, our work is closely related to the work of CPM/PERT, however, whereas CPM/PERT deals with project completion time, we focus on project NPV.

Keywords: Net Present Value; NPV Distribution; Project Management; Project Evaluation; CPM; PERT (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ppm
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Published in FEB Research Report KBI_1623

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ete:kbiper:552744

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