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Democracy and primary education spending in Spain, 1902-22

Paola Azar () and Sergio Espuelas ()
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Paola Azar: University of the Republic, Uruguay

No 2021/409, UB Economics Working Papers from Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat d'Economia i Empresa, UB School of Economics

Abstract: By the turn of the 20th century, nation-building reformers in Spain tried to stimulate schooling expansion to improve (or at least dignify) Spain’s position in the international arena. However, in this paper we find that democratic imperfections help explaining the modest spread of primary schooling after the 1902 reforms. Regression results show that the lack of effective electoral competition and political patronage lowered public primary education spending across Spanish provinces in 1902-22. Voter turnout had a positive impact but it was not big enough to compensate for this negative effect.

Keywords: Education; Spain; Democracy; distributive politics. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 H52 I28 N33 N34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 33 pages
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-his and nep-pol
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