Racial quotas in higher education and pre-college academic performance: Evidence from Brazil
Guilherme Strifezzi Leal () and
Ã lvaro Choi ()
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Guilherme Strifezzi Leal: Universitat de Barcelona
Ã lvaro Choi: Universitat de Barcelona
No 2021/411, UB Economics Working Papers from Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat d'Economia i Empresa, UB School of Economics
The effects of affirmative action on the incentives to human capital accumulation are ambiguous from a theoretical perspective and the scarce empirical evidence on the matter provides mixed results. In this paper, we address this issue by investigating the impacts of Brazilâ€™s Law of Quotas on the studentsâ€™ performance in the college entrance exam, the ENEM. The law established that a specific share of places in Brazilian federal universities should be filled by non-white students from public high schools. We employ a difference-in-differences approach in order to estimate the effects of the implementation of these quotas on the ENEM scores and provide causal evidence that the law fostered incentives to pre-college human capital accumulation. Moreover, the effects of the quotas were greater in more quantitative- intensive subjects but were not different by gender or parental education, and these impacts increased throughout the first years after the lawâ€™s implementation.
Keywords: Racial quotas; Higher education; Equality of opportunity; Academic performance. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H52 I24 I28 J15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 46 pages
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ewp:wpaper:411web
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