Economics at your fingertips  

Racial quotas in higher education and pre-college academic performance: Evidence from Brazil

Guilherme Strifezzi Leal () and à lvaro Choi ()
Additional contact information
Guilherme Strifezzi Leal: Universitat de Barcelona
à lvaro Choi: Universitat de Barcelona

No 2021/411, UB School of Economics Working Papers from University of Barcelona School of Economics

Abstract: The effects of affirmative action on the incentives to human capital accumulation are ambiguous from a theoretical perspective and the scarce empirical evidence on the matter provides mixed results. In this paper, we address this issue by investigating the impacts of Brazil’s Law of Quotas on the students’ performance in the college entrance exam, the ENEM. The law established that a specific share of places in Brazilian federal universities should be filled by non-white students from public high schools. We employ a difference-in-differences approach in order to estimate the effects of the implementation of these quotas on the ENEM scores and provide causal evidence that the law fostered incentives to pre-college human capital accumulation. Moreover, the effects of the quotas were greater in more quantitative- intensive subjects but were not different by gender or parental education, and these impacts increased throughout the first years after the law’s implementation.

Keywords: Racial quotas; Higher education; Equality of opportunity; Academic performance. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H52 I24 I28 J15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 46 pages
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu and nep-lam
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 500 read timeout ( [301 Moved Permanently]-->

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in UB School of Economics Working Papers from University of Barcelona School of Economics Av. Diagonal 690, 08034 Barcelona. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by University of Barcelona School of Economics ().

Page updated 2024-07-17
Handle: RePEc:ewp:wpaper:411web