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Natural resources, child mortality and governance quality in African countries

Sosson Tadadjeu (), Henri Njangang (), Simplice Asongu () and Brice Kamguia ()
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Sosson Tadadjeu: University of Dschang , Cameroon
Henri Njangang: University of Dschang , Cameroon
Brice Kamguia: University of Dschang , Cameroon

No 21/027, Working Papers from European Xtramile Centre of African Studies (EXCAS)

Abstract: This paper contributes to the literature by investigating the effect of natural resources on under-five mortality in a sample of 50 African countries over the period 1996 to 2018. We also examine the extent to which governance shapes the relationship between natural resources and under-five mortality. Our results show that natural resources have increased under-five mortality. Resource rents also have detrimental effects on child mortality by age, gender, and the three major causes of infant mortality from infectious diseases. However, an extended analysis of different types of natural resources suggests that point resources (such as oil, natural gas and mineral rents) increase under-five mortality, in contrast to the diffuse resources (such as forest rent). We also find that governance mitigates the positive effect of natural resources on child mortality. Corresponding governance policy thresholds that should be attained in order to reverse the positive effects of natural resources on child mortality are provided. We thus suggest an increase in the funds allocated to the health sector from resource rents and encourage efforts to improve governance standards in sampled countries.

Keywords: Natural resources; Child mortality; Governance; Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 O55 Q33 Q34 Q38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 30
Date: 2021-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene
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http://publications.excas.org/RePEc/exs/exs-wpaper ... frican-countries.pdf Revised version, 2021 (application/pdf)

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