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Remittances, Natural Resource Rent and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

Pamela Ofori () and Daryna Grechyna ()
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Pamela Ofori: University of Insubria, Varese, Italy

No 21/056, Working Papers from European Xtramile Centre of African Studies (EXCAS)

Abstract: Despite the established link between oil rent fluctuations and remittances received, its plausible joint effect on economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains unexplored. To fill this gap, first, we determine whether natural resource rent (composed of oil rent, forest rent and natural gas rent) reduces economic growth in SSA. Second, we examine whether positive macroeconomic signals such as remittances mitigate the negative effect of oil rents on economic growth in a sample of 43 SSA countries spanning 1990-2017. We employ the pooled ordinary least squares, fixed-effects and random-effects, and generalized method of moments. The resulting empirical evidence established are; (1) there is a positive impact of forest rent on economic growth whilst oil rent and natural gas rent have a negative impact on economic growth (2) there is a positive marginal and net effect on economic growth from the interaction between remittances and oil rent. Also, the unconditional effect of remittances on growth is positive. We further perform a threshold analysis to establish a critical ground that could also influence economic growth positively. This threshold is crucial because below these critical mass remittance inflows mitigate the negative incidence of oil rent on economic growth and above the threshold, negative oil rent on growth is completely nullified. This is relevant for policy implications because policymakers are provided with actionable levels of remittances which are easily attainable in sampled countries.

Keywords: Remittances; Natural resource rent; oil rent; Economic growth; Sub-Saharan Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 32
Date: 2021-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env, nep-fdg and nep-isf
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Forthcoming: Cogent Economics and Finance

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http://publications.excas.org/RePEc/exs/exs-wpaper ... b-Saharan-Africa.pdf Revised version, 2021 (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: Remittances, Natural Resource Rent and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Remittances, Natural Resource Rent and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (2021) Downloads
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