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Comparative Analysis of the Growth Impact of Pollution and Energy Use in Selected West African Nations

Ekundayo Mesagan, Emeka Osuji () and Hope Agbonrofo ()
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Hope Agbonrofo: Pan Atlantic University, Lagos, Nigeria

No 22/032, Working Papers from European Xtramile Centre of African Studies (EXCAS)

Abstract: We adopt the FMOLS and Granger causality technique to analyse the effect of energy use and carbon emissions on output growth in selected West African economies, which includes Nigeria, Gambia and Ghana, from 1970 to 2019. Findings confirm that energy use enhances growth in the three selected West African economies. But in terms of significance, energy consumption is significant in Nigeria and Gambia at a 1% level of significance while it is insignificant for the Gambia. CO2 emission positively and significantly propels economic growth for the three selected West African economies. For Nigeria, causality evidence shows no direct influence among the variables. For Ghana, we find a bi-causal association between output growth and carbon emissions and a unidirectional causality from pollution to energy consumption. For Gambia, economic growth causes CO2 emissions. We recommend that the West African government reinforce their stand on a sustainable growth path through energy conservation.

Keywords: Energy Use; Pollution; Output Growth; West Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O44 O55 Q40 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27
Date: 2022-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-ene and nep-env
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Forthcoming: Environmental Science and Pollution Research

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http://publications.excas.org/RePEc/exs/exs-wpaper ... e-in-West-Africa.pdf Revised version, 2022 (application/pdf)

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