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The effects of migration and pollution on cognitive skills in Caribbean economies: a theoretical analysis

Lesly Cassin ()
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Lesly Cassin: Université Paris Nanterre

No 2020.03, Working Papers from FAERE - French Association of Environmental and Resource Economists

Abstract: This work analyses the interaction between demographic features and environmental constraints in the Caribbean Small Island Developing States. More specifically, it aims to clarify the impact of migration in the presence of pollution. To do so, an Intergenerational model is developed to reproduce the characteristics of these countries, which are highly dependent on migration gains such as brain gain or remittances. Moreover, production emits pollution that hinders the accumulation of human capital. Two cases emerge from the analysis, in the first an environmental policy is sufficient to correct the externality and in this case migration implies the same mechanisms as in the case without pollution. In the second case, if pollution emissions are high relative to the effectiveness of environmental policy, migration leads to an increase in per capita output and human capital. This only happens if the emigration rate is already high, because it leads to a reduction in demographic pressure on the environment.

Keywords: Pollution; Development; Caribbean Islands; Migration; Remittances (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 F24 J24 Q01 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: XX pages
Date: 2020-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env and nep-lma
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