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Tuition Fees and University Enrollment: A Meta-Analysis

Tomas Havranek (), Zuzana Irsova () and Olesia Zeynalova

No 2017/16, Working Papers IES from Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies

Abstract: One of the most frequently examined relationships in education economics is the impact of tuition increases on the demand for higher education. We provide a quantitative synthesis of 443 estimates of this effect reported in 43 studies. While large negative estimates dominate the literature, we show that researchers report positive and insignificant estimates less often than they should. After correcting for this publication bias, we find that the literature is consistent with the mean tuition-enrollment elasticity being close to zero. Nevertheless, we identify substantial heterogeneity among the reported effects: for example, male students and students at private schools react strongly to changes in tuition. The results are robust to controlling for model uncertainty using both Bayesian and frequentist methods of model averaging.

Keywords: Enrollment; tuition; demand for higher education; meta-analysis; publication bias; model averaging (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I23 I28 C52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
Date: 2017-08, Revised 2017-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu
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