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Corpus lingüístico de definiciones de categorías semánticas de personas mayores sanas y con la enfermedad de Alzheimer: una investigación transcultural hispano-argentina

Herminia Peraita Adrados () and Lina Grasso ()
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Herminia Peraita Adrados: Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED)
Lina Grasso: Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigaciones en Psicología Matemática y Experimental (CONICET)

No 20107, Working Papers from Fundacion BBVA / BBVA Foundation

Abstract: The corpus of verbal representations is a front-line methodological instrument for studying semantic deterioration in pathologies involving conceptualsemantic- lexical impairment, especially semantic dementia and Alzheimer's. This paper presents a corpus of literal definitions for determined semantic categories- of the basic categorization level -referring both to living beings (dog, pine tree and apple) and inanimate objects (chair, car, trousers), then goes on to analyze the attributes, traits or characteristics embedded in such definitions. The study sample comprised 212 participants: 107 elderly people who were cognitively healthy, serving as a control group, and 105 sufferers of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease. Subjects were in the 55 to 93 age range and belonged to two different Spanish-speaking contexts -Spain (N = 69) and Argentina (N = 142)- which despite sharing a language exhibit significant cultural differences. The corpus in full is available on

Keywords: Semantic deficits; semantic dissociations; verbal definitions; attribute semantic analysis; types of knowledge; cognitive neuropsychology; semantic pathologies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 33
Date: 2010-05
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