Inequality and Imbalances: a Monetary Union Agent-Based Model
Alberto Cardaci and
Francesco Saraceno ()
No 2017-30, Documents de Travail de l'OFCE from Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE)
Our paper investigates the impact of rising inequality in a two-country macroeconomic model with an agent-based household sector characterised by peer effects in consumption. In particular, the model highlights the role of inequality in determining diverging balance of payments dynamics within a currency union. Inequality may drive the two countries into different growth patterns: where peer effects in consumption interact with higher credit availability, rising income inequality leads to the emergence of a debt-led growth. Where social norms determine weaker emulation and credit availability is lower, an export-led regime arises. Eventually, a crisis emerges endogenously due to the sudden-stop of capital ows from the net lending country, triggered by the excessive risk associated to the dramatic amount of private debt accumulated by households in the borrowing country. Monte Carlo simulations for a wide range of calibrations confirm the robustness of our results.
Keywords: Inequality; Current Account; Currency Union; Agent-based model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C63 D31 E21 F32 F43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cmp, nep-hme, nep-mac, nep-mon and nep-opm
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Working Paper: Inequality and Imbalances: a Monetary Union Agent-Based Model (2017)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fce:doctra:1730
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Documents de Travail de l'OFCE from Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Francesco Saraceno ().