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La situación laboral de los inmigrantes en España: Un análisis descriptivo

Ana Carolina Ortega Masagué

No 2005-08, Working Papers from FEDEA

Abstract: Over the last years, the immigration phenomenon has acquired a notable importance in Spain. Immigrants` insertion in the labor market has become one of the main factors, which will contribute to their social integration. For this reason, it is important to study the labor situation of the immigrant population in Spain, which is the aim of this paper. The data used in the present analysis are drawn from the labor register of the Social Security system and the demands for employment registered in the National Institute of Employment. These sources have some limitations, that are widely compensated for their covery of the immigrant population. When studying the characteristics of the individuals (gender, age, level of studies, nationality) and their employments (sector of activity, occupation), we observe that there are important differences between the immigrants, as well as between them and the Spanish workers. Moreover, there are also significant differences from the geographical distribution point of view. Within the next years, it will be neccesary to continue to look at the foreign workers´s labor reality, easing their integration in the production system in benefit of the society as a whole.

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