Vocational training programs and youth labor market outcomes: Evidence from Nepal
Plamen Nikolov and
Framed Field Experiments from The Field Experiments Website
Lack of skills is arguably one of the most important determinants of high levels of unemployment and poverty. In response, policymakers often initiate vocational training programs in effort to enhance skill formation among the youth. Using a regression-discontinuity design, we examine a large youth training intervention in Nepal. We find, twelve months after the start of the training program, that the intervention generated an increase in non-farm employment of 10 percentage points (ITT estimates) and up to 31 percentage points for program compliers (LATE estimates). We also detect sizable gains in monthly earnings. Women who start self-employment activities inside their homes largely drive these impacts. We argue that low baseline educational levels and non-farm employment levels and Nepal's social and cultural norms towards women drive our large program impacts. Our results suggest that the program enables otherwise underemployed women to earn an income while staying at home - close to household errands and in line with the socio-cultural norms that prevent them from taking up employment outside the house.
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Working Paper: Vocational Training Programs and Youth Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Nepal (2020)
Journal Article: Vocational training programs and youth labor market outcomes: Evidence from Nepal (2019)
Working Paper: Vocational Training Programs and Youth Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Nepal (2017)
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