EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Nonparametric Tests for Common Values in First-Price Sealed-Bid Auctions

Philip Haile, Han Hong and Matthew Shum ()

No 2004.149, Working Papers from Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei

Abstract: We develop tests for common values at first-price sealed-bid auctions. Our tests are nonparametric, require observation only of the bids submitted at each auction, and are based on the fact that the “winner’s curse” arises only in common values auctions. The tests build on recently developed methods for using observed bids to estimate each bidder’s conditional expectation of the value of winning the auction. Equilibrium behavior implies that in a private values auction these expectations are invariant to the number of opponents each bidder faces, while with common values they are decreasing in the number of opponents. This distinction forms the basis of our tests. We consider both exogenous and endogenous variation in the number of bidders. Monte Carlo experiments show that our tests can perform well in samples of moderate sizes. We apply our tests to two different types of U.S. Forest Service timber auctions. For unit-price (“scaled”) sales often argued to fit a private values model, our tests consistently fail to find evidence of common values. For “lumpsum” sales, where a priori arguments for common values appear stronger, our tests yield mixed evidence against the private values hypothesis.

Keywords: First-price auctions; Common values; Private values; Nonparametric testing; Winner’s curse; Stochastic dominance; Endogenous participation; Timber auctions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C14 D44 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm and nep-gth
Date: 2004-12
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (17) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.feem.it/userfiles/attach/Publication/NDL2004/NDL2004-149.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Nonparametric Tests for Common Values in First-Price Sealed-Bid Auctions (2003) Downloads
Working Paper: Nonparametric Tests for Common Values at First-Price Sealed-Bid Auctions (2003) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fem:femwpa:2004.149

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by barbara racah ().

 
Page updated 2019-09-14
Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2004.149