Trade Liberalisation and Global-scale Forest Transition
Rafael González-Val () and
Fernando Pueyo ()
No 2013.70, Working Papers from Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei
In this paper, we develop a theoretical model that provides an additional explanation for the forest transition based on a trade liberalisation scenario. Furthermore, in contrast with most explanations, in which the forest transition can only take place at a local level at the expense of other areas, ours is capable of supporting such phenomenon at a worldwide level. We introduce a renewable natural resource (wood), used as an input by manufacturing firms, in a framework with economic geography foundations: transport costs affect the distribution of firms between countries. In a general equilibrium, the results reproduce the forest transition at a global scale: a decrease in transport costs (in particular, that of the natural resource) has a negative effect on the worldwide stock of the natural resource in the short-term; however, this effect is offset during the transition as a consequence of industrial reallocation between countries and eventually disappears in the long-run.
Keywords: Forest Transition; Natural Resources; Industrial Location; Trade Liberalisation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F18 Q20 Q23 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Trade Liberalisation and Global-scale Forest Transition (2013)
Working Paper: Trade liberalisation and global-scale forest transition (2012)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fem:femwpa:2013.70
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