Foreign Direct Investment and Science and Technology Infrastructure in Small Countries: Evidence from Finland and the Netherlands
Pii Berghäll (),
Cees vanBeers and
No 357, Discussion Papers from VATT Institute for Economic Research
This study investigates the links between foreign firms and the public Science and Technology (S&T) institutions in Finland and the Netherlands. By estimating models on data from Community Innovation Surveys, we find for the Netherlands that foreign firms reveal a significantly lower probability to cooperate with domestic S&T institutions than domestic firms, which can be expected a priori. In Finland this negative bias is not present due to Finnish innovation policies in which R&D collaboration is an explicit requirement. If innovating foreign firms in the Netherlands produce innovations based on ideas originating in the firm, they do not co-operate with domestic S&T institutions while in Finland these co-operation schemes do exist. Finnish S&T institutions fit in the R&D strategies of MNEs while S&T institutions in the Netherlands do not.
Keywords: Multinational Enterprises; Innovation; RD collaboration; Science and Technology Institutions; Economic growth; Taloudellinen kasvu; Labor market and policies promoting economic growth; Työmarkkinat ja kasvua tukeva politiikka; O320 - Management of Technological Innovation and RD (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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