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Finland's First 10 Years in the European Union - Economic Consequences

Jaakko Kiander and Antti Romppanen

No 377, Discussion Papers from VATT Institute for Economic Research

Abstract: This paper summarizes the economic performance of Finland in 1995–2004 and compares the actual developments to the projections made prior to the EU membership. The paper also assesses the impacts of the structural changes induced by the membership. The most pronounced impact of EU membership was on Finland's agriculture and food industry. Joining the Common Agriculture meant a total change in the subsidy system and a sharp drop in producer prices. At the same time, agriculture and the food industry became part of the European internal market and the competition that goes with it. In sectors outside of the food chain, the impact of the EU is more difficult to ascertain. It was thought that integration would lead to increased trade in the internal market area. But this has not happened; rather the EU's share of Finland's foreign trade has decreased since membership.

Keywords: Finnish economy; EU membership; integration; Economic growth; Taloudellinen kasvu; Macroeconomic policy; Talouspolitiikka; Regional development; Aluekehitys; Taxation; Verotus; Taxation and Social Transfers; Julkisen talouden rahoitus ja tulonsiirrot (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2006
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-cba, nep-eec and nep-his
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