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Local average neighborhood effects from moving to opportunity

Dionissi Aliprantis and Francisca Richter

No 1208, Working Papers (Old Series) from Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Abstract: This paper estimates Local Average Treatment Effects (LATEs) of neighborhood quality from the Moving to Opportunity (MTO) housing mobility experiment in a generalized model with multiple treatment levels. We propose a new approach to identifying parameters that exploits the identification of unobservables in the multi-level model. The variation in neighborhood quality induced by MTO only allows us to identify LATEs of moving from the first to the second decile of the national distribution of quality, but in other applications the approach may allow for the estimation of Marginal Treatment Effects. Estimated LATEs on employment, labor force participation rates, earnings, income, welfare receipt, and body mass index are consistent with standard theories of neighborhood externalities.

Keywords: Housing policy; Econometric models; Poverty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo and nep-ure
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