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All Fluctuations Are Not Created Equal: The Differential Roles of Transitory versus Persistent Changes in Driving Historical Monetary Policy

Richard Ashley (), Kwok Ping Tsang () and Randal Verbrugge ()

No 1814, Working Papers (Old Series) from Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Abstract: The historical analysis of FOMC behavior using estimated simple policy rules requires the specification of either an estimated natural rate of unemployment or an output gap. But in the 1970s, neither output gap nor natural rate estimates appear to guide FOMC deliberations. This paper uses the data to identify the particular implicit unemployment rate gap (if any) that is consistent with FOMC behavior. While its ability appears to have improved over time, our results indicate that, both before the Volcker period and through the Bernanke period, the FOMC distinguished persistent movements in the unemployment rate from other movements; implicitly such movements were treated as an intermediate target, one that departs substantially from conventional estimates of the natural rate. We further investigate historical FOMC responses to inflation fluctuations. In this regard, FOMC behavior changed in the Volcker-Greenspan-Bernanke period: its response to the inflation rate became much stronger, and it focused more intensely on very persistent movements in this variable. Our results shed light on the ?Great Inflation? experience of the 1970s, and are consistent with the view that political pressures effectively limited the FOMC response to the buildup of inflation. They also suggest new directions for DSGE modeling.

Keywords: Taylor rule; Great Inflation; intermediate target; natural rate; persistence; dependence (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C22 C32 E52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 53 pages
Date: 2018-10-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-ets, nep-his, nep-mac and nep-mon
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Working Paper: A New Look at Historical Monetary Policy and the Great Inflation through the Lens of a Persistence-Dependent Policy Rule (2019) Downloads
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DOI: 10.26509/frbc-wp-201814

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