Institutional Investors, the Dollar, and U.S. Credit Conditions
Friederike Niepmann and
Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr ()
No 1246, International Finance Discussion Papers from Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
This paper documents that an appreciation of the U.S. dollar is associated with a reduction in the supply of commercial and industrial loans by U.S. banks. An increase in the broad dollar index by 2.5 points (one standard deviation) reduces U.S. banks' corporate loan originations by 10 percent. This decline is driven by a reduction in the demand for loans on the secondary market where prices fall and liquidity worsens when the dollar appreciates, with stronger effects for riskier loans. Today, the main buyers of U.S. corporate loans---and, hence, suppliers of funding for these loans---are institutional investors, in particular mutual funds, which experience outflows when the dollar appreciates. A shift of traditional financial intermediation to these relatively unregulated entities, which are more sensitive to global developments, has led to the emergence of this new channel through which the dollar affects the U.S. economy, which we term the secondary market channel.
Keywords: Leveraged loan market; Commercial and industrial loans; U.S. dollar exchange rate; Credit standards; Institutional investors (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E44 F31 G15 G21 G23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-mac and nep-mon
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