Global Trade and GDP Co-Movement
François de Soyres and
Alexandre Gaillard ()
No 1282, International Finance Discussion Papers from Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
We revisit the association between trade and GDP comovement for 135 countries from 1970 to 2009. Guided by a simple theory, we introduce two notions of trade linkages: (i) the usual direct bilateral trade index and (ii) new indexes of common exposure to third countries capturing the role of similarity in trade networks. Both measures are economically and statistically associated with GDP correlation, suggesting an additional channel through which GDP fluctuations propagate through trade linkages. Moreover, high income countries become more synchronized when the content of their trade is tilted toward inputs while trade in final goods is key for low income countries. Finally, we present evidence that the density of the international trade network is associated with an amplification of the association between global trade flows and bilateral GDP comovement, leading to a significant evolution of the trade comovement slope over the last two decades.
Keywords: International trade; International business cycle comovement; Networks; Input-output linkages (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F15 F44 F62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Global Trade and GDP Co-Movement (2020)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fip:fedgif:1282
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