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Between College and That First Job: Designing and Evaluating Policies for Hiring Diversity

Soumitra Shukla
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Soumitra Shukla: https://www.federalreserve.gov/econres/soumitra-shukla.htm

No 1331, International Finance Discussion Papers from Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

Abstract: Despite widespread caste disparities, compensatory hiring policies remain absent from the Indian private sector. This paper employs novel administrative data on the job search from an elite college and evaluates policies to promote hiring diversity. Application reading, written aptitude tests, large group debates, and job choices do not explain caste disparities. Disparities arise primarily between the final round, comprising non-technical personal interviews, and job offers; the emergence closely parallels caste revelation. For promoting diversity, hiring subsidies — similar in spirit to the government-proposed Diversity Index — are twice as cost-effective as improving pre-college achievement. Conversely, quotas mirror a hiring tax and reduce university recruitment by 7%.

Keywords: Labor Markets; Inequality; Affirmative Action; Disadvantaged Communities; Diversity & Inclusion (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 J44 J71 J78 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-09-30
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fip:fedgif:1331

DOI: 10.17016/IFDP.2021.1331

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