Government budget deficits and trade deficits: are present value constraints satisfied in long-term data?
Shaghil Ahmed and
John Rogers ()
No 494, International Finance Discussion Papers from Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
We undertake tests of whether long term data from the U.S. and U.K. are consistent with the intertemporal government budget constraint and the intertemporal external borrowing constraint being satisfied in expected value terms, both individually and simultaneously. An historical perspective is appropriate for focusing on whether the present value constraints (PVCs) continue to hold in the face of unusual events, such as the outbreak of wars, that cause a structural break in the short-run dynamic behavior of the variables. This provides a very strong test of whether intertemporal budget constraints are satisfied. Our main results are: (i) the PVCs hold over the whole sample period; and (ii) the data are also consistent with the hypothesis that the PVCs continue to hold following events which cause a structural break in the short-run dynamics.
Keywords: Budget deficits; International trade (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (132) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Journal Article: Government budget deficits and trade deficits Are present value constraints satisfied in long-term data? (1995)
Working Paper: Government Budget Deficits and Trade Deficits: Are Present Value Constraints Satisfied in Long-Term Data? (1993)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fip:fedgif:494
Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in International Finance Discussion Papers from Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Ryan Wolfslayer ().