Economics at your fingertips  

Harming depositors and helping borrowers: the disparate impact of bank consolidation

Kwangwoo Park and George Pennacchi

No 939, Proceedings from Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Abstract: There is growing evidence showing that large and small banks differ in how they service retail customers. Large, multi-market banks (LMBs) have more standardized operations and set interest rates that are uniform across local markets, while small banks have greater autonomy to set rates according to local market conditions. LMBs also differ from smaller banks by having relatively greater access to wholesale funding. This paper presents a model of spatial competition where small, single-market banks compete with LMBs. It shows that market-extension mergers by LMBs promote competition in relatively concentrated retail loan markets, and this effect is magnified the greater is LMBs? funding advantage and the greater is the multi-market contact among LMBs. In contrast, when LMBs have significant funding advantages, market extension mergers reduce competition in retail deposit markets. Our model?s predictions are examined in light of previous empirical studies and also by our own statistical analysis of retail deposit interest rates quoted by individual banks.

Keywords: Bank loans; Bank liquidity; Bank mergers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 227-242
Date: 2004
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (11) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in Conference on Bank Structure and Competition (2004 : 40th) ; How do banks compete? strategy, regulation, and technology

There are no downloads for this item, see the EconPapers FAQ for hints about obtaining it.

Related works:
Journal Article: Harming Depositors and Helping Borrowers: The Disparate Impact of Bank Consolidation (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Harming depositors and helping borrowers: the disparate impact of bank consolidation (2007) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Proceedings from Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

Page updated 2021-10-19
Handle: RePEc:fip:fedhpr:939