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An Aggregate Model for Policy Analysis with Demographic Change

Ellen McGrattan and Edward Prescott

No 534, Staff Report from Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Abstract: Many countries are facing challenging fiscal financing issues as their populations age and the number of workers per retiree falls. Policymakers need transparent and robust analyses of alternative policies to deal with demographic changes. In this paper, we propose a simple framework that can easily be matched to aggregate data from the national accounts. We demonstrate the usefulness of our framework by comparing quantitative results for our aggregate model with those of a related model that includes within-age-cohort heterogeneity through productivity differences. When we assess proposals to switch from the current tax and transfer system in the United States to a mandatory saving-for-retirement system with no payroll taxation, we find that the aggregate predictions for the two models are close.

Keywords: Taxation; Retirement; Social Security; Medicare (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E13 H55 I13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-dge, nep-ias, nep-mac and nep-pbe
Date: 2016-08-11
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Journal Article: An aggregate model for policy analysis with demographic change (2018) Downloads
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