EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Real Interest Rates, Inflation, and Default

Sewon Hur (), Illenin Kondo and Fabrizio Perri ()

No 574, Staff Report from Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Abstract: This paper argues that the comovement between inflation and economic activity is an important determinant of real interest rates over time and across countries. First, we show that for advanced economies, periods with more procyclical inflation are associated with lower real rates, but only when there is no risk of default on government debt. Second, we present a model of nominal sovereign debt with domestic risk-averse lenders. With procyclical inflation, nominal bonds pay out more in bad times, making them a good hedge against aggregate risk. In the absence of default risk, procyclical inflation yields lower real rates. However, procyclicality implies that the government needs to make larger (real) payments when the economy deteriorates, which could increase default risk and trigger an increase in real rates. The patterns of real rates predicted by the model are quantitatively consistent with those documented in the data.

Keywords: Nominal bonds; Sovereign default; Inflation risk; Government debt (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 53 pages
Date: 2018-12-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge and nep-mac
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr574.pdf Full text (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Real Interest Rates, Inflation, and Default (2018) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fip:fedmsr:574

DOI: 10.21034/sr.574

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Staff Report from Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2020-05-19
Handle: RePEc:fip:fedmsr:574