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The End of Privilege: A Reexamination of the Net Foreign Asset Position of the United States

Andrew Atkeson, Jonathan Heathcote () and Fabrizio Perri

No 639, Staff Report from Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Abstract: The US net foreign asset position has deteriorated sharply since 2007 and is currently negative 65 percent of US GDP. This deterioration primarily reflects changes in the relative values of large gross international equity positions, as opposed to net new borrowing. In particular, a sharp increase in equity prices that has been US-specific has inflated the value of US foreign liabilities. We develop an international macro finance model to interpret these trends, and we argue that the rise in equity prices in the United States likely reflects rising profitability of domestic firms rather than a substantial accumulation of unmeasured capital by those firms. Under that interpretation, the revaluation effects that have driven down the US net foreign asset position are associated with large, unanticipated transfers of US output to foreign investors.

Keywords: Global imbalances; Current account; Equity markets (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F30 F40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022-04-25
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge and nep-opm
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Working Paper: The End of Privilege: A Reexamination of the Net Foreign Asset Position of the United States (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: The End of Privilege: A Reexamination of the Net Foreign Asset Position of the United States (2022) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fip:fedmsr:94111

DOI: 10.21034/sr.639

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