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Demographic Trends and Growth in Japan and the United States

Thomas Klitgaard and Preston Mui

No 20141008, Liberty Street Economics from Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Abstract: Japan’s population is shrinking and getting older, with the population falling at a 0.2 percent rate this year and the working-age population (ages 16 to 64) falling at a much faster rate of almost 1.5 percent. In contrast, the U.S. population is rising at a 0.7 percent annual rate and the working-age population is rising at a 0.2 percent rate. So far, supporting the growing share of Japan’s population that is 65 and over has been the substantial increase in the share of working-age women entering the labor force. In contrast, U.S. labor force participation rates have been falling for both men and women. Japan’s labor market adjustments help explain the steady, albeit, modest growth in output per person despite the surge in the 65 and over cohort. Indeed, Japan has been able to match U.S. per capita growth since 2000.

Keywords: demographic; population; labor force participation; female; Japan; United States; growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E2 F00 J00 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-10-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age and nep-mac
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