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Falling Oil Prices and Global Saving

Thomas Klitgaard and Patrick Russo

No 20150624, Liberty Street Economics from Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Abstract: The rise in oil prices from near $30 per barrel in 2000 to around $110 per barrel in mid-2014 was a dramatic reallocation of global income to oil producers. So what did oil producers do with this bounty? Trade data show that they spent about half of the increase in total export revenues on imports and the other half to buy foreign assets. The drop in oil prices will unwind this process. Oil-importing countries will gain from lower oil bills, but they will also see a decline in their exports to oil-producing countries and in purchases of their assets by investors in these countries. Indeed, one can make the case that the drop in oil prices, by itself, is putting upward pressure on interest rates as income shifts away from countries that have had a relatively high propensity to save.

Keywords: balance of payments; oil-exporting countries; global imbalances; imports; financial account; exports; petrodollars; saving; current account; investment spending (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F00 G1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015-06-24
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene
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