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Inflation and Japan's Ever-Tightening Labor Market

Bianca De Paoli (), Thomas Klitgaard and Harry Wheeler

No 20161114, Liberty Street Economics from Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Abstract: Japan offers a preview of future U.S. demographic trends, having already seen a large increase in the population over 65. So, how has the Japanese economy dealt with this change? A look at the data shows that women of all ages have been pulled into the labor force and that more people are working longer. This transformation of the work force has not been enough to prevent a very tight labor market in a slowly growing economy, and it may help explain why inflation remains minimal. Namely, wages are not responding as much as they might to the tight labor market because women and older workers tend to have lower bargaining power than prime-age males.

Keywords: Japan; inflation; unemployment rate; vacancies; demographics; labor force; working-age population (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E2 F00 E5 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-11-14
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age and nep-mac
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