Expanding the Toolkit: Facilities Established to Respond to the COVID-19 Pandemic
Anna Kovner and
Antoine Martin ()
No 20200922, Liberty Street Economics from Federal Reserve Bank of New York
The Federal Reserve’s response to the coronavirus pandemic has been unprecedented in its size and scope. In a matter of months, the Fed has, among other things, cut the federal funds rate to the zero lower bound, purchased a large amount of Treasury securities and agency mortgage‑backed securities (MBS) and, together with the U.S. Treasury, introduced several lending facilities. Some of these facilities are very similar to ones introduced during the 2007-09 financial crisis while others are completely new. In this post, we argue that the new facilities, while unprecedented, are a natural extension of the Fed’s toolkit, as they operate through similar economic mechanisms to prevent self-reinforcing bad outcomes. We also explain why these new facilities are particularly useful as part of the response to the pandemic, which is an economic shock very different from a financial crisis.
Keywords: Federal Reserve; pandemic; COVID-19; facilities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E5 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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